Can artificial intelligence help stop religious violence? - Tech News


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Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Can artificial intelligence help stop religious violence?

software that mimics human society is being tested to see if it could help prevent religious violence.

Researchers used artificial intelligence algorithms to simulate moves pushed by means of sectarian divisions.

Their version consists of hundreds of retailers representing one of a kind ethnicities, races and religions.

Norway and Slovakia are trialling the tech to tackle tensions which could rise up when Muslim immigrants settle in traditionally Christian countries.

The Oxford college researchers wish their system can be used to help governments reply to incidents, inclusive of the recent London terror assaults.

but, one independent expert said that the tool wished extra work earlier than it can be utilized in actual-life situations.

"this will be an incredibly beneficial research task whilst it reaches maturity as a concept device for analysing elements concerned in non secular struggle," said Prof Noel Sharkey.

center ideals
The studies, published within the journal for artificial Societies and Social Stimulation, indicates human beings are a peaceful species with the aid of nature.

Even in instances of crisis, inclusive of herbal disasters, the simulated people got here together peacefully.

but in a few situations the program indicated people had been inclined to propose violence.

Examples covered occasions whilst other organizations of human beings challenged the middle ideals that described their identity.
The research crew drew at the Northern ireland issues to programme conditions that noticed what the researchers call "xenophobic social tension" boost into extreme bodily violence.

The conflict - which worried political and cultural elements similarly to faith - spanned three many years and claimed the lives of approximately 3,500 human beings.

Primal fears
The laptop model extensively utilized scenarios primarily based at the 2002 Gujarat riots in India. thousand humans died all through three days of inter-communal violence between Hindus and Muslims.

studies author Justin Lane stated: "to apply AI to observe faith or tradition, we need to study modelling human psychology because our psychology is the inspiration for faith and tradition.

"the basis causes of factors like spiritual violence rest in how our minds manner the facts that our world gives."

The outcomes advocate the hazard of religious struggle escalates when a collection's core beliefs or sacred values are challenged so often that they crush humans's capacity to cope with them. however even then, anxiety best spills over into violence in about 20% of the situations modelled.

"religious violence isn't our default behaviour - in reality it is quite uncommon in our records," stated Mr Lane.

"it's far only while humans's center belief structures are challenged, or they feel that their commitment to their personal ideals is wondered that tension and agitations occur.

"We might be capable of trick our psychology into accepting others as part of our group when we would in any other case be brought about toward extra primal fears," he introduced.

'Out-organization individuals'
The researchers agree with one solution to reducing the chance of spiritual violence and terrorism is to create conditions that forestall human beings seeing outsiders as a threat.

The maximum risky situations are while the difference in the length of two different non secular organizations is comparable and those come upon "out-institution individuals" greater frequently, perceiving them as risky.

The encounters want not be face-to-face. it may be that the risk is brought to a person's interest through traditional and social media.

"We appear to live rather in our own facts bubbles, however we nonetheless receive plenty of records approximately out-organization members and that facts seems to trigger our psychology although there isn't always absolutely a real character there," Mr Lane warned.

"simply the concept of a chance can be as powerful as a real threat to elicit a reaction."

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